India in the 21st century is hit by an epidemic disease called the “Corruption”, a disease that seems to just incurable. Today we are so badly hit by the disease that is has controlled all our sectors be it Sports, Finance, Defense and most important Infrastructure. We have been struggling to get rid of the rules that have become a part of our life, sad fact but can’t help it as all say. I have been trying to get to the root cause of this disease and somehow managed to learn a few things about it.
Today in the 21st century where we have become a nation of 120 crore, financial stability is one thing that has taken a toll on every human. Our major population being the middle class has indeed become a great concern, as they strive to have a stable life. In the quest of financial stability we consider the government jobs to be the best that is once you are permanent your life is told to be on the right track, but to get the job is the real task. Everybody knows the amount of Cash & Influence is demanded to a simple government job. I tried to get deeper into the problem and I saw that the whole system of recruitment itself is filled with flaws. Consider a middle class graduate applying for a job of a Clerk (FDA) according to the rules you write the KPSC i.e. for Karnataka the toppers are selected and the person must be given this branch based on his marks/ranking, but in reality after the merit list is announced there is a lot of corruption that goes into assigning the branch. Now this graduate gets named in the merit list and has to struggle with the corruption demand which is usually around Rs.5 lacs plus a lot of influence at the right levels, assume that person undergoes the drill. Arranging 5 lac cash isn’t an easy task for a middle class person and this money that is arranged is termed as a loan. So a person has already started his career with –5 lacs. After all the stunts the person gets the job and he starts working with a salary of 10 -12 thousand per month and a loan of 5 lac that he has to repay, now in such a condition a person is bound to struggle for other sources of income, sitting in the office. In such a condition he is going to ask money for his every work! Which I feel becomes like his right!!! He will require at-least 2-3 years to pay back the loan and lead this routine life so in these 2-3 years he is already infected by the disease. After this period there will be some add-on on the necessity lists like a house, a vehicle, requirements of his family, kids, etc, and to add on that is the transfers that are made by the government, so that leads to the growth of the disease by the time he reaches half way the disease takes over the control. This holds well in all sections of the government offices. In such a situation it’s the system of recruitment that has to be blamed. The recruitment of the IAS, IPS & IFS officers seem to be full proofed. We rarely see any corrupt IAS, IPS or IFS officers that’s because the recruitment system is clean.
Coming to the corruption in the Infrastructure, I hope people are aware of the 10% rule by our netas, just in case you aren’t aware it goes like this “Any Government developmental work that is taken up by any contractor, he is liable to pay the concerned constituency MLA 10% of the total bill of the Developmental work taken up by him or else he struggles to get his bill cleared”. This is only with the MLA, after that there is a line of other officials which he needs to take care of, if the chain is broken at any point of time the contact is gone! In such a condition what does a contractor do!? He compromises on the quality, over charges, can’t blame him either. So all our bad roads, downgrade Infrastructure is a credit of our beloved netas. In this case even the netas cannot be blamed, because they spend crores of money to woe us and get our votes so practicing corruption is taken as their part of the duty.
It’s been 66 years of our independence and I strongly feel following the constitution that was written then has started showing the adverse effects, it’s time to modify our constitution and adapt to the changes that are required at this point of time. I feel our ancestors wrote the constitution thinking that our population would grow inversely with time; never had they even thought that we would be blown up by the population.
Lok – Pal is just an attempt that will clean the system to an extent of say 10-15% not more than that. Unless we get the rules of recruitment right we will struggle with this disease and looking at the trends this will just get worst as time will pass.